It is striking how obvious, yet subtle, the relationship between science, religion, and truth is. This could be an example of chapter 71’s, My words are very easy to understand and very easy to put into practice, yet no one in the world can understand them or put them into practice. There are profound spiritual implications in core scientific laws (truths). Why then the battle between religion and science? Consider the clearly partisan aspects of religion vis-à-vis the impartial spiritual truth from which religions spring. The conflict I see are battles between partisans of both tribes — religion and science. These adherents are religious minded or science minded in name mostly.
Disconnection and Reconnection
The spiritual aim of true religion is to give the individual a sense of reconnection. Indeed, the Latin root of religion, religare (“to reconnect,”) says it all — the prefix re “again” + ligare “bind, connect”. That is what the path of science promises as well. There is an important distinction between these two paths of reconnection. Religion draws on feeling; science draws on thinking. Feeling is more primal and thus religion offers a far easier path for reconnection for most people.
As we left our ancient hunter-gatherer tribal lifestyle and became civilized, we lost the intimate sense of connection that fosters a sense of well being and self-security. Religion helps fill that void. That people are religious, or science minded, in name only says much about the tribal nature of our species. It is not surprising that we are often only able to feel a sense of reconnection through passionate partisanship. It’s tribal; it’s biological.
Yet, neither religion nor science is enough. If either truly was, they could live and let live. The need to vie with an enemy is a clear symptom of an insecurity stemming from a failure to feel fully connected. I assume we began feeling our increasing sense of disconnection long before we became civilized. Language (words and names) began to dominate human awareness tens of thousands of years earlier. This began disconnecting us from the contemporaneous moment-to-moment peaceful simplicity that other animals experience. Now, ironically, I am going to use language to religare science, religion, and truth.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics is Spiritual Truth
I don’t suppose I gave entropy much thought other than as a cornerstone of classical physics, i.e., The Second Law of Thermodynamics. While reading a Science News report, A New View of Gravity, I realized the natural link between the humble spiritual roots of religion and the essence of science. The link between entropy and gravity made the case solid for me, although I’d have trouble explaining why. Fortunately, a simpler case is possible to make.
An example of increasing entropy is burning coal. When burning coal, you are returning carbon to a simpler mysterious sameness-like state. Returning the carbon back into a lump of coal would require energy to reorganize it, so to speak. The input of energy is what made the coal originally, i.e., CO2 + sunlight + plant life + tectonic forces (+ time) = coal. When chapter 80 says return to the use of the knotted rope, this sounds like a call to increase entropy in our approach to life… Simplify!
Language, and the information it contains, is a low entropy state. Increasing entropy would mean decreasing information. Chapter 10 speaks to this also, When your discernment penetrates the four quarters, are you capable of not knowing anything? Complete entropy results in a complete loss of information. This is what the Tao Te Ching refers to as, mysterious sameness, nothing, stillness, emptiness, the void, silence. It is odd using entropy to illustrate Taoist principles. I expect the increasing information overload in the centuries ahead will make the Taoist entropic worldview ever more appealing. Let’s face it, sanity lies in disordered humble simplicity.
It is interesting how language, as a low entropy system, has the opposite effect on large groups of people. Language provides a high entropy common ground that removes barriers among any multitude of strangers (i.e., low entropy individuals) who speak the same language. In short, a common language helps strangers (in essence) to come together.
A shared language reduces spontaneity and individuality by pulling everyone into mutual high entropy common sense. That common sense then allows people to create and maintain a low entropy organization — civilization. At the same time, language has the opposite result of decreasing entropy in the mind of each individual thinker! No wonder life is mystifying at times.
Interestingly, chapter 40 seems to parallel maximum entropy… Turning back is how the way moves; Weakness is the means the way employs. The myriad creatures in the world are born from Something, and Something from Nothing.
The Tao Te Ching helps us escape the low entropy nature of language and its domination of our mind. That helps one see the world more as a baby again. Correlations also help increase entropy of language to the point approaching what I call cognitive singularity — a mental black hole. (See Tools of Taoist Thought: Correlations, p.565.)
Newton’s Laws of Motion are also Spiritual Truth.
My first experience with connecting spiritual truth with laws of science was years ago while living in Japan. I’ve forgotten now how I came to be thinking about classical science in the first place, only that I was considering the action vs. reaction aspects of a rocket.
I recall being blown away when I suddenly realized how Newton’s third law, For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction, applies to life in general. I don’t really recall exactly how I tied it in with life. In any case, I see my experience of life as symptomatic of underlying biological forces. This parallels Newton’s Law of Motion. “For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction” corresponds to how my actions on the ‘outside’ are counterbalancing reactions to my ‘inside’ reality. This action-reaction law is profoundly universal, yet it is only appreciated as a mechanical law. Clearly, we have left most of science’s insights as an untapped source for spiritual understanding. That’s understandable for the spiritual side of science is far more subtle and non-provable in empirically testable ways. By the way, I now see much more relevance to spiritual truth in the other two laws (see Newton’s laws of motion).