“A rose by any other name would smell as sweet” is a common quote from William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet, in which Juliet argues that the names of things do not matter, only what things “are”.
Amen to that! The sticking point is over, “It depends on what your definition of ‘is’ is” (or ‘are’ is), as President Clinton once said. In other words, if you want to see differences you will; if you want to see similarities, you will. The question is, which leads more directly to truth? This NPR report highlights this matter:
Dateline, June 29, 2013: The first atheist monument to be displayed on U.S. government property will be dedicated today in Starke, Florida. The monument is near a black granite display of the Ten Commandments, which was installed in the courtyard of the Bradford County Courthouse last year.
Atheists and Theists come across as ‘roses by other names’, as it were. One believes ‘no’ and the other believes ‘yes’… yet, both believe! As chapter 56 puts it, This is called profound sameness. It is interesting how this Taoist view parallels Shakespeare’s “A rose by any other name….” dialogue
Taoism, Monism, Dualism, and on…
I was looking up something related to the Upanishads, and stumbled onto monism and related -isms. That got me wondering if chapter 1’s These two are the same coming out, yet differ in name and chapter 56’s This is called profound sameness represent the definitive core of the Taoist worldview, or are they simply syncretic gateways to that worldview. (Syncretism concentrates on the essential unity of human belief systems, rather than their differences). Here’s an overview of monism, dualism and pluralism …
Monism is a point of view within metaphysics which argues that the variety of existing things in the universe are reducible to one substance or reality, and therefore that the fundamental character of the universe is unity. Contrasting with this point of view is dualism, which asserts that there are two ultimately irreconcilable substances or realities, with consciousness on the one hand and matter on the other. Another is pluralism that asserts any number of fundamental substances or realities more than two. Monisms may be theologically syncretic by proposing there is one God who has many manifestations in the diverse religious traditions.
The Tribal Instinct Drives Differences
Clearly, we can and do pick reality apart and emphasize those differences endlessly. As I said above, if you want to see differences you will. I’ve come to see this behavior as driven by an instinctive need to differentiate the ‘true’ from the ‘false’. We identify the ‘true’ side and join that side. Then we haggle with those who chose the ‘false’ side. Well, this certainly satisfies our tribal instincts. But, what prompts us to differentiate the ‘true’ from the ‘false’ in the first place? Considering this from a symptoms point of view, our desperation to name reality must arise from fear. We need to restrict nature as chapter 32 says:
Okay, but why do we need to restrict nature? To answer this, I look to nature as experienced by all other animals on earth. Like all animals, we choose what pleases us and reject that which displeases us. Pleasure and pain tip the scales for all living creatures. Naming confers the illusion that we have some control over nature. Naming allows us to manipulate our relationship with nature and bend it to our will… bend it to accommodate our agenda’s needs and fears.
This can be difficult to acknowledge because we have a stake in not seeing reality impartially… just the contrary. We need to bolster our biases and thus fear any countervailing evidence that might compromise our cherished beliefs.
The Ego Makes Its Stand
I have a hard time identifying the idea of an ego apart from a relationship to ‘otherness’. In a sense, ego is the counterpoint to other. The more connected my psyche has become to ‘otherness’, the less ego I seem to experience. The Hindu dictum Tat Tvam Asi (“You are that,” or “That you are,” ) sums it up.
Oddly, I expect this matter is irresolvable. Fundamentally, I am probing the workings of the nervous system with my nervous system. This is why it helps to contemplate the simplest forms of life. For instance, finding similarity between ants and humans helps me avoid some misdirection due to my complex nervous system, hypothetically anyway. See also, Ants are Us and Self Integrity, Slime, and Karma.